Nobel Peace Prize

P.1901 Jean Henri Dunant

Switzerland. 08.05.1828-30.10.1910.

“for his role in founding the International Committee of the Red Cross.”

P.1901 Frédéric Passy

France. 20.05.1822-12.06.1912.

“for being one of the main founders of the Inter-Parliamentary Union and also the main organizer of the first Universal Peace Congress.”

P.1902 Élie Ducommun

Switzerland. 19.02.1833-07.12.1906.

“Honorary Secretary, Permanent International Peace Bureau.”

P.1902 Charles Albert Gobat

Switzerland. 21.05.1843-16.03.1914.

“Secretary General, Inter-Parliamentary Union; Honorary Secretary, Permanent International Peace Bureau.”

P.1903 Sir William Randal Cremer

UK. 18.03.1828-22.07.1908.

“Member, British Parliament; Secretary, International Arbitration League.”

P.1904 Institut de droit international (Institute of International Law)

Belgium. Founded in 1873.

“for its efforts as an unofficial body to formulate the general principles of the science of international law.”

P.1905 Baroness Bertha Sophie Felicita von Suttner, née Countess Kinsky von Chinic und Tettau

Austria. 09.06.1843-21.06.1914.

“Honorary President of Permanent International Peace Bureau; Author of Lay Down Your Arms.”

P.1906 Theodore Roosevelt

USA. 27.10.1858-06.01.1919.

“for his successful mediation to end the Russo-Japanese war and for his interest in arbitration, having provided the Hague arbitration court with its very first case.”

P.1907 Ernesto Teodoro Moneta

Italy. 20.09.1833-10.02.1918.

“President, Lombard League of Peace,” was “prominent as a worker for peace in Italy.”

P.1907 Louis Renault

France. 21.05.1843-08.02.1918.

“Professor International Law,” was “the permanent delegate of France to The Hague Tribunal.”

P.1908 Fredrik Bajer

Denmark. 21.04.1837-22.01.1922.

“for his work in the Inter-Parliamentary Union with being the first president of the International Peace Bureau.”

P.1908 Klas Pontus Arnoldson

Sweden. 27.10.1844-20.02.1916.

“Founder of Swedish Peace and Arbitration League.”

P.1909 Auguste Marie François Beernaert

Belgium. 26.07.1829-06.10.1912.

“Former Prime Minister; Member, Belgian Parliament; Member of Cour Internationale d’Arbitrage.”

P.1909 Paul Henri Benjamin Balluet d’Estournelles de Constant, Baron de Constant de Rebecque

France. 22.11.1852-15.05.1924.

“Member, French Parliament (Sénateur); Founder and President of French parliamentary group for voluntary arbitration; Founder, Committee for the Defense of National Interests and International Conciliation.”

P.1910 Bureau international permanent de la Paix (Permanent International Peace Bureau)

Switzerland. Founded in 1891.

P.1911 Tobias Michael Carel Asser

the Netherlands. 28.04.1838-29.07.1913.

“Initiator of the Conferences on International Private Law at the Hague; Cabinet Minister; Lawyer.”

P.1911 Alfred Hermann Fried

Austria. 11.11.1864-05.05.1921.

“Journalist; Founder of Die Friedenswarte.”

P.1912 Elihu Root

USA. 15.02.1845-07.02.1937.

“Former Secretary of State; Originator of various treaties of arbitration.”

P.1913 Henri La Fontaine

Belgium. 22.04.1854-14.05.1943.

“Member, Belgian Parliament (Sénateur); President, Permanent International Peace Bureau.”

P.1917 Comite International de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)

Switzerland. Founded in 1863

P.1919 Thomas Woodrow Wilson

USA. 28.12.1856-03.02.1924.

“President of United States of America; Founder of the League of Nations.”

P.1920 Léon Victor Auguste Bourgeois

France. 21.05.1851-29.09.1925.

“Former Secretary of State; President, French Parliament (Sénat); President, Council of the League of Nations.”

P.1921 Christian Lous Lange

Norway. 17.09.1869-11.12.1938.

“Secretary General of the Inter-Parliamentary Union.”

P.1921 Karl Hjalmar Branting

Sweden. 23.11.1860-24.02.1925.

“Prime Minister; Swedish Delegate, Council of the League of Nations.”

P.1922 Fridtjof Nansen

Norway. 10.10.1861-13.05.1930.

“Scientist; Explorer; Norwegian Delegate, League of Nations; Originator of “Nansen passports”.”

P.1925 Sir Austen Chamberlain

UK. 16.10.1863-17.03.1937.

“Foreign Secretary; Part-originator of Locarno Pact.”

P.1925 Charles Gates Dawes

USA. 27.08.1865-23.04.1951.

“Vice-President of United States of America; Chairman of Allied Reparation Commission (Originator of “Dawes Plan”).”

P.1926 Gustav Stresemann

Germany. 10.05.1878-03.10.1929.

“Former Lord High Chancellor (Reichs-kanzler); Foreign Minister; Part-originator of Locarno Pact.”

P.1926 Aristide Briand

France. 28.03.1862-07.03.1932.

“Foreign Minister; Part-originator of Locarno Pact and Briand-Kellogg Pact.”

P.1927 Ferdinand Édouard Buisson

France. 20.12.1841-16.02.1932.

“Formerly Professor, Sorbonne University, Paris; Founder and President, Human Rights League in France.”

P.1927 Ludwig Quidde

Germany. 23.03.1858-04.03.1941.

“Professor, Berlin University; Member, German Parliament; Participant of various peace conferences.”

P.1929 Frank Billings Kellogg

USA. 22.12.1856-21.12.1937.

“Former Secretary of State; Part-originator of Briand-Kellogg Pact.”

P.1930 Lars Olof Jonathan (Nathan) Söderblom

Sweden. 15.01.1866-12.07.1931.

“Archbishop; Leader in the ecumenical movement.”

P.1931 Jane Addams

USA. 06.09.1860-21.05.1935.

“Sociologist; International President, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom.”

P.1931 Nicholas Murray Butler

USA. 02.04.1862-07.12.1947.

“President, Columbia University; Promoter of Briand Kellogg Pact.”

P.1933 Sir Ralph Norman Angell

UK. 26.12.1872-07.10.1967.

“Writer; Member, Executive Committee of the League of Nations and of National Peace Council.”

P.1934 Arthur Henderson

UK. 13.09.1863-20.10.1935.

“Former Foreign Secretary; President, Disarmament Conference in 1932.”

P.1935 Carl von Ossietzky

Germany. 03.10.1889-04.05.1938.

“Journalist (die Weltbühne); Pacifist.”

P.1936 Carlos Saavedra Lamas

Argentina. 01.11.1878-05.05.1959.

“Secretary of State; President, League of Nations; Mediator in a conflict between Paraguay and Bolivia.”

P.1937 Cecil of Chelwood, Viscount (Lord Edgar Algernon Robert Gascoyne Cecil)

UK. 14.09.1864-24.11.1958.

“Writer, Former Lord Privy Seal; Founder and President, International Peace Campaign.”

P.1938 Office international Nansen pour les Réfugiés (Nansen International Office for Refugees)

Switzerland.

“An international relief organization, started by Fridtjof Nansen in 1921.”

P.1944 Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)

Switzerland. Founded in 1863.

P.1945 Cordell Hull

USA. 02.10.1871-23.07.1955.

“Former Secretary of State; Prominent participant in the originating of the United Nations.”

P.1946 John Raleigh Mott

USA. 25.05.1865-31.01.1955.

“Chairman, International Missionary Council; President, World Alliance of Young Men’s Christian Associations.”

P.1946 Emily Greene Balch

USA. 08.01.1867-09.01.1961.

“Formerly Professor of History and Sociology; Honorary International President, Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom.”

P.1947 Friends Service Council (The Quakers)

UK. Founded in 1647.

P.1947 American Friends Service Committee (The Quakers)

USA. First official meeting in 1672.

P.1949 Lord (John) Boyd Orr of Brechin

UK. 23.09.1880-25.06.1971.

“Physician; Alimentary Politician; Prominent organizer and Director, General Food and Agricultural Organization; President, National Peace Council and World Union of Peace Organizations.”

P.1950 Ralph Johnson Bunche

USA. 07.08.1904-09.12.1971.

“Professor, Harvard University Cambridge, MA; Director, division of Trusteeship, U.N.; Acting Mediator in Palestine, 1948.”

P.1951 Léon Jouhaux

France. 01.07.1879-28.04.1954.

“President of the International Committee of the European Council, vice president of the International Confederation of Free Trade Unions, vice president of the World Federation of Trade Unions, member of the ILO Council, delegate to the United Nations.”

P.1952 Albert Schweitzer

France. 14.01.1875-04.09.1965.

“Missionary surgeon; Founder of Lambaréné (République de Gabon).”

P.1953 George Catlett Marshall

USA. 31.12.1880-16.10.1959.

“General President American Red Cross; Former Secretary of State and of Defense; Delegate U.N.; Originator of “Marshall Plan”.”

P.1954 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Switzerland.

“An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951.”

P.1957 Lester Bowles Pearson

Canada. 23.04.1897-27.12.1972.

“former Secretary of State for External Affairs of Canada; former President of the 7th Session of the United Nations General Assembly”;”for his role in trying to end the Suez conflict and to solve the Middle East question through the United Nations.”

P.1958 Georges Charles Clement Ghislain Pire

Belgium. 10.02.1910-30.01.1969.

“Father of the Dominican Order; Leader of the relief organization for refugees “L’Europe du Coeur au Service du Monde””

P.1959 Philip John Noel-Baker

UK. 01.11.1889-08.10.1982.

“Member of Parliament; lifelong ardent worker for international peace and co-operation”

P.1960 Albert John Lutuli

South Africa. c. 1898-21.07.1967.

“President of the African National Congress,” “was in the very forefront of the struggle against apartheid in South Africa.”

P.1961 Dag Hjalmar Agne Carl Hammarskjöld

Sweden. 29.07.1905-18.09.1961.

“Secretary General of the U.N.,” awarded “for strengthening the organization.”

P.1962 Linus Carl Pauling

USA. 28.02.1901-19.08.1994.

“for his campaign against nuclear weapons testing”

P.1963 Ligue des Sociétés de la Croix-Rouge (League of Red Cross Societies)

France, Paris. Founded in 1919.

P.1963 Comité international de la Croix Rouge (International Committee of the Red Cross)

Switzerland, Geneva. Founded in 1863.

P.1964 Martin Luther King

USA. 15.01.1929-04.04.1968.

“Campaigner for civil rights”

P.1965 United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF)

USA, New York. Founded in 1946.

“An international aid organization.”

P.1968 René Samuel Cassin

France. 05.10.1887-20.02.1976.

“President of the European Court for Human Rights”

P.1969 International Labour Organization (I.L.O.)

Switzerland, Geneva. Founded in 1919.

P.1970 Norman Ernest Borlaug

USA. 25.03.1914-12.09.2009.

“International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center;” “for his contributions to the “green revolution” that was having such an impact on food production particularly in Asia and in Latin America.”

P.1971 Willy Brandt; r.n. Herbert Ernst Karl Frahm

Germany. 18.12.1913-08.10.1992.

“Chancellor of the Federal Republic of Germany; for West Germany’s Ostpolitik”

P.1973 Lê Đức Thọ; r.n. Phan Đình Khải

Vietnam. 14.10.1911-13.10.1990.

“For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces”

P.1973 Henry Alfred Kissinger

USA. Born: 27.05.1923.

“For the 1973 Paris agreement intended to bring about a cease-fire in the Vietnam war and a withdrawal of the American forces”

P.1974 Seán MacBride

Ireland. 26.01.1904-15.01.1988.

“President of the International Peace Bureau; President of the Commission of Namibia.” “For his strong interest in human rights: piloting the European Convention on Human Rights through the Council of Europe, helping found and then lead Amnesty International and serving as secretary-general of the International Commission of Jurists”

P.1974 Eisaku Sato

Japan. 27.03.1901-03.06.1975.

“Prime Minister of Japan,” “for his renunciation of the nuclear option for Japan and his efforts to further regional reconciliation”

P.1975 Andrei Dmitrievich Sakharov

Russia. 21.05.1921-14.12.1989.

“[for his] struggle for human rights, for disarmament, and for cooperation between all nations”

P.1976 Mairead Corrigan

UK. Born: 27.01.1944.

“Founder[s] of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)”

P.1976 Betty Williams

UK. Born: 22.05.1943.

“Founder[s] of the Northern Ireland Peace Movement (later renamed Community of Peace People)”

P.1977 Amnesty International

UK, London. Founded in 1961.

“[for] protecting the human rights of prisoners of conscience”

P.1978 Mohamed Anwar al-Sadat

Egypt. 25.12.1918-06.10.1981.

“for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel”

P.1978 Menachem Begin

Israel. 16.08.1913-09.03.1992.

“for the Camp David Agreement, which brought about a negotiated peace between Egypt and Israel”

P.1979 Mother Teresa; r.n. Agnes Gonxha Bojaxhiu

India. 26.08.1910-05.09.1997.

“Leader of Missionaries of Charity”

P.1980 Adolfo Pérez Esquivel

Argentina. Born: 26.11.1931.

“Human rights leader;” “founded non-violent human rights organizations to fight the military junta that was ruling his country (Argentina).”

P.1981 Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Switzerland, Geneva.

“An international relief organization founded by the U.N. in 1951″

P.1982 Alfonso García Robles

Mexico. 20.03.1911-02.09.1991.

“[for] their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition”

P.1982 Alva Myrdal

Sweden. 31.01.1902-01.02.1986.

“[for] their magnificent work in the disarmament negotiations of the United Nations, where they have both played crucial roles and won international recognition”

P.1983 Lech Walesa

Poland. Born: 29.09.1943.

“Founder of Solidarność; campaigner for human rights”

P.1984 Desmond Mpilo Tutu

South Africa. Born: 07.10.1931.

“Bishop of Johannesburg; former Secretary General, South African Council of Churches”

P.1985 International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War

USA, Boston. Founded in 1980.

For “authoritative information and by creating an awareness of the catastrophic consequences of atomic warfare. The committee believes that this in turn contributes to an increase in the pressure of public opposition to the proliferation of atomic weapons and to a redefining of priorities, with greater attention being paid to health and other humanitarian issues.”

P.1986 Elie Wiesel

USA. Born: 30.09.1928.

“Chairman of “The President’s Commission on the Holocaust””

P.1987 Óscar Rafael de Jesús Arias Sánchez

Costa Rica. Born: 13.09.1940.

“for his work for peace in Central America, efforts which led to the accord signed in Guatemala on August 7 this year”

P.1988 United Nations Peacekeeping Forces

USA, New York. Founded in 1948.

“[for] their efforts [that] have made important contributions towards the realization of one of the fundamental tenets of the United Nations”

P.1989 The 14th Dalai Lama; r.n. Ngawang Lobsang Tenzin Gyatso

Tibet. Born: 06.07.1935.

“In his struggle for the liberation of Tibet [he] consistently has opposed the use of violence. He has instead advocated peaceful solutions based upon tolerance and mutual respect in order to preserve the historical and cultural heritage of his people.”

P.1990 Mikhail Sergeyevich Gorbachev

Russia. Born: 02.03.1931.

“for his leading role in the peace process which today characterizes important parts of the international community”

P.1991 Aung San Suu Kyi

Burma. Born: 19.06.1945.

“for her non-violent struggle for democracy and human rights”

P.1992 Rigoberta Menchú Tum

Guatemala. Born: 09.01.1959.

“[for] her work for social justice and ethno-cultural reconciliation based on respect for the rights of indigenous peoples”

P.1993 Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela

South Africa. Born: 18.07.1918.

“for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa”

P.1993 Frederik Willem de Klerk

South Africa. Born: 18.03.1936.

“for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa”

P.1994 Yasser Arafat

Palestine. 24.08.1929-11.11.2004.

“for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”

P.1994 Yitzhak Rabin

Israel. 01.03.1922-04.11.1995.

“for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”

P.1994 Shimon Peres

Israel. Born: 02.08.1923.

“for their efforts to create peace in the Middle East”

P.1995 Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs

Canada, Pugwash. Founded in 1957.

“for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms”

P.1995 Joseph Rotblat

UK. 04.11.1908-31.08.2005.

“for their efforts to diminish the part played by nuclear arms in international politics and, in the longer run, to eliminate such arms”

P.1996 José Ramos-Horta

East Timor. Born: 26.12.1949.

“for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor”

P.1996 Carlos Filipe Ximenes Belo

East Timor. Born: 03.02.1948.

“for their work towards a just and peaceful solution to the conflict in East Timor”

P.1997 International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL)

USA. Founded in 1992.

“for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines”

P.1997 Jody Williams

USA. Born: 09.10.1950.

“for their work for the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines”

P.1998 William David Trimble

UK. Born: 15.10.1944.

“for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland”

P.1998 John Hume

UK. Born: 18.01.1937.

“for their efforts to find a peaceful solution to the conflict in Northern Ireland”

P.1999 Médecins Sans Frontières (Doctors Without Borders)

France, Paris. Founded in 1971.

“in recognition of the organization’s pioneering humanitarian work on several continents”

P.2000 Kim Dae-jung

South Korea. 03.12.1925-18.08.2009.

“for his work for democracy and human rights in South Korea and in East Asia in general, and for peace and reconciliation with North Korea in particular”

P.2001 United Nations (U.N.)

USA, New York. Founded in 24.10.1945.

“for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world”

P.2001 Kofi Atta Annan

Ghana. Born: 08.04.1938.

“for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world”

P.2002 James Earl “Jimmy” Carter, Jr.

USA. Born: 01.10.1924.

“for his decades of untiring effort to find peaceful solutions to international conflicts, to advance democracy and human rights, and to promote economic and social development”

P.2003 Shirin Ebadi

Iran. Born: 21.06.1947.

“for her efforts for democracy and human rights. She has focused especially on the struggle for the rights of women and children.”

P.2004 Wangari Muta Maathai

Kenya. Born: 01.04.1940.

“for her contribution to sustainable development, democracy and peace”

P.2005 International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)

Austria, Vienna. Founded in 29.07.1957.

“for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way”

P.2005 Mohamed ElBaradei

Egypt. Born: 17.06.1942.

“for their efforts to prevent nuclear energy from being used for military purposes and to ensure that nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is used in the safest possible way”

P.2006 Muhammad Yunus

Bangladesh. Born: 28.06.1940.

“for their efforts to create economic and social development from below

P.2006 Grameen Bank

Bangladesh, Dhaka. Founded in 1976.

“for their efforts to create economic and social development from below

P.2007 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

USA, New York. Founded in 1988.

“for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change”

P.2007 Albert Arnold (Al) Gore Jr.

USA. Born: 31.03.1948.

“for their efforts to build up and disseminate greater knowledge about man-made climate change, and to lay the foundations for the measures that are needed to counteract such change”

P.2008 Martti Ahtisaari

Finland. Born: 23.06.1937.

“for his important efforts, on several continents and over more than three decades, to resolve international conflicts”

P.2009 Barack Hussein Obama II

USA. Born: 04.08.1961.

“for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples”

P.2010 Liu Xiaobo

China. Born: 28.12.1955.

“for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China”

P.2011 Ellen Johnson-Sirleaf

Liberia. Born: 29.10.1938.

“for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”

P.2011 Leymah Roberta Gbowee

Liberia. Born: 1972.

“for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”

P.2011 Tawakkul Karman

Yemen. Born: 07.02.1979.

“for their non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”