Nobel Scientific Library
History of the Nobel Scientific Library (NSL) of the International Information Nobel Centre (IINC) runs to about 40 years. Its origin relates to 1967. Just then, a Tambov pupil (later on an outstanding scientist, the author of the large number of scientific publications, honored with many ranks and regalia, V.M. Tyutyunnik – the IINC president) began to buy early books and to collect the articles from some popular scientific journals and newspapers. Afterwards there was engendered a correspondence with the Nobel Prize Laureates: one of the first answers was received from Austria, it was a material about F.Pregl, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. The material becomes the first foreign document of the future library. Generally, from the separated issues to be bought in shops at the own resources or to be gotten from the different countries, a colossal – by volume and meaning – fund had been forming. As it is happened not once in our country, a unique private collection underlies the library to have no analogues in the world’s practice and become the property of the wide group of the people.
In April 16, 1989 there is occurred an official opening of the NSL with the primary organized fund to unite information about the life and activity of A.Nobel and his relatives, Nobel Prize Laureates, Nobel Institutions, Nobel’s firms etc. in Russian and different foreign languages, and become the first in our country center accumulating the heritage of the world’s elite in the sphere of science, literature, economics, politics.
In present time the continuously-widen fund of the NSL is presented by book-brochure and journal-newspaper publications with the retrospection depth from the nineties to the present days. In connection with fund specifics the following order on eight categories is accepted: 1) literature of common contents (A.Nobel and Nobel Prize Laureates); 2) literature of general-scientific contents; 3) physics; 4) chemistry; 5) physiology or medicine; 6) literature; 7) politics; 8) economics. Inside each section, there exists a division per two main parts (the literature of common contents and the materials concerning laureates) arranged in chronological order of the awarding of the prize; inside every year, an alphabetical order is accepted.
A heuristic source of the NSL acquisition involves all known variety of one, not excluding an element of chance (gifts, orders, exchanging funds of world’s libraries etc.). In the end of the eighties – the beginning of the nineties the founder of the NSL, professor V.M. Tyutyunnik, appealed to Nobel Laureates and all readers of his books with the request to help to expand the fund in the form of any material concerning Nobel Family, Nobel Institutions and Laureates. To present day the acquisition exercises mainly owing to personal resources of the NSL founder.
For a long time the NSL fund has been a wide field of research for students, specialists of different areas, investigating both in the field of nobelistics and in fields of scientometrics, bibliometrics, history of science, literature etc., as well as researchers of different countries, participating in the international meeting-conferences of Nobel Prize Laureates and Nobelists, which is held in Tambov since 1989.
Since 2006, the IINC works at constructing the complex that unites three structural subdivisions (library, archive, and museum) in whole. One of perspective directions of NSL development is the digitization of book and article materials from the NSL fund, the creation of the media object to dedicate to Nobel Prize Laureates, their publications, as well as A.Nobel, his prizes and institutions. In the plans of NSL activity is the creation of the informational center that allow us to accelerate the quest and receipt of information necessary, raises the precision and effectiveness of informational support of library users, gives the efficient access of the users to the remote resources of other libraries and to the resources of the Internet.
Being one of the original problem-oriented library with wide informational bonds, the NSL represents a unique collection (over 10 thousand books and booklets) of the creative heritage of more than seven hundred outstanding world-workers for the last one-and-a half century.
I.S.Korskova, IINC librarian